Treatment for neuroblastoma depends on:

  • the age of your child
  • the stage of the cancer
  • other factors
  • risk stratification

Doctors will suggest treatments based on your child’s situation. Treatment may involve one or more of the following:

  • surgery
  • chemotherapy
  • radiation therapy
  • targeted therapy
  • stem cell transplant
  • other treatments.

Your team of doctors, called a multidisciplinary team (MDT), will care for and treat your child, and will ensure that all your child’s needs are considered while they have cancer treatment. The section called The treatment team has further  information about this.



Your child is likely to have surgery to remove all or part of the tumour. The extent of surgery required depends on the risk stratification of the disease. This may a complicated process that takes into account numerous clinical, pathological and radiological variables.1 Very low and low risk tumours may be treatable with surgery alone. Sometimes they require no treatment at all and are merely observed. Intermediate risk tumours are may be treated with surgery or chemotherapy or a combination of both. High risk tumours are treated with a combination of chemotherapy, surgery, radiotherapy, stem-cell transplantation, and targeted therapy.