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Kidney tumours

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Kidney tumours (also called renal tumours) occur when abnormal cells in the kidneys grow in an uncontrolled way.

The most common type of kidney tumour in children is called Wilms tumour (also known as nephroblastoma). Other types of kidney tumours in children include:

  • clear cell sarcoma of the kidney
  • malignant rhabdoid tumour of the kidney
  • mesoblastic nephroma
  • renal cell carcinoma.

Wilms tumours are more common in younger children, usually 3–4-year-olds, and less common in older children. In teenagers and young adults, other types of kidney tumours such as renal cell carcinoma are more common.

Risk factors

A risk factor is anything that increases a person’s chance of developing a certain condition or disease, such as cancer. In adults, lifestyle and environmental...

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Wilms tumours can grow quite large without causing any symptoms. Symptoms of Wilms tumour may include:

  • lump or swelling in the belly
  • fever
  • nausea
  • ...
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Your child will have a number of tests to investigate their symptoms and confirm a diagnosis of a kidney tumour, including:

  • medical history and
  • ...
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Treatment and care of children with cancer is usually provided by a team of health professionals called a multidisciplinary team. Members of this team are...

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Diagnosis of cancer in a child is a very difficult time for the child, their family and their friends. You might feel overwhelmed, scared, anxious...

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Chance of cure

Many children with cancer are cured of the disease. Children’s bodies have great capacity for healing. Also, huge improvements have been made in the treatment...

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Clinical trials

Researchers are trialling new ways to diagnose and treat different types of cancer. Your child may be invited to be part of a clinical trial...

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More information

For more information about childhood kidney tumours, see:

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published: Sunday, 23 August, 2015