Liver tumours

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Liver tumours occur when abnormal cells in the liver grow in an uncontrolled way. There are several types of liver tumours in children:

  • Hepatoblastoma usually occurs in children under 3 years of age and does not usually spread to other parts of the body.
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma usually occurs in older children and teenagers, and often spreads to other parts of the body.
  • Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver usually occurs in children aged 5–10, and often spreads throughout the liver or to the lungs.
  • Infantile choriocarcinoma starts in the developing baby and is usually found in the first few months of life.

Risk factors

A risk factor is anything that increases a person’s chance of developing a certain condition or disease, such as cancer. In adults, lifestyle and environmental...

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Symptoms

Symptoms of liver tumours may include:

  • a lump, pain or swelling in the belly
  • loss of appetite
  • weight loss
  • nausea and vomiting.
...
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Diagnosis

Your child will have a number of tests to investigate their symptoms and confirm a diagnosis of a liver tumour, including:

  • medical history and physical
  • ...
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Treatment

Treatment and care of children with cancer is usually provided by a team of health professionals called a multidisciplinary team. Members of this team are...

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Support

Diagnosis of cancer in a child is a very difficult time for the child, their family and their friends. You might feel overwhelmed, scared, anxious...

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Chance of cure

Many children with cancer are cured of the disease. Children’s bodies have great capacity for healing. Also, huge improvements have been made in the treatment...

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Clinical trials

Researchers are trialling new ways to diagnose and treat different types of cancer. Your child may be invited to be part of a clinical trial...

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More information

For more information about liver tumours, see Childhood liver cancer treatment (PDQ®), from the National Cancer Institute (United States)....

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published: Sunday, 23 August, 2015