Many children with cancer are cured of the disease. Children’s bodies have great capacity for healing. Also, huge improvements have been made in the treatment of childhood cancer in the past few decades. In the 1980s, around 65% of children diagnosed with cancer were alive more than 5 years after their diagnosis. Today, around 83% of children are successfully treated and become long-term survivors.
Long-term survival (also called the outlook or prognosis) and treatment options depend on a range of factors, including:
- age of your child at diagnosis
- extent or stage of the cancer
- appearance of the cancer cells under the microscope (the shape, function and structure of the cells)
- how the cancer responds to treatment
- cancer or tumour biology, which includes
- the patterns of the cancer cells
- how different the cancer cells are from normal cells
- how fast the cancer cells are growing.
Talk to your child’s doctor about your child’s individual disease, treatment options and outlook.