Hodgkin disease (Hodgkin lymphoma)

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Hodgkin disease is a type of cancer called a lymphoma. It occurs when certain types of white blood cells called lymphocytes grow in an uncontrolled way. Lymphocytes are part of the immune system that help our bodies fight infection.

Hodgkin disease can start anywhere in the lymphatic system, which is the network of vessels, tissues and organs that make white blood cells, and move lymph around the body. It commonly starts in the lymph nodes in the upper body, such as in the chest, neck or underarms. It can spread to other lymph nodes and throughout the lymphatic system.

There are two main types of Hodgkin disease:

  • classic Hodgkin disease
  • nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin disease.

Hodgkin disease is more common in older children and teenagers than in young children.

A different type of lymphoma that occurs in children is called non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Risk factors

A risk factor is anything that increases a person’s chance of developing a certain condition or disease, such as cancer. In adults, lifestyle and environmental...

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Symptoms

Symptoms of Hodgkin disease may include:

  • fever
  • night sweats
  • unexplained weight loss
  • enlarged lymph nodes, usually felt as painless lumps under the skin in the
  • ...
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Diagnosis

Your child will have a number of tests to investigate their symptoms and confirm a diagnosis of Hodgkin disease, including:

  • medical history and physical examination
  • ...
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Treatment

Treatment and care of children with cancer is usually provided by a team of health professionals called a multidisciplinary team. Members of this team are...

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Support

Diagnosis of cancer in a child is a very difficult time for the child, their family and their friends. You might feel overwhelmed, scared, anxious...

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Chance of cure

Many children with cancer are cured of the disease. Children’s bodies have great capacity for healing. Also, huge improvements have been made in the treatment...

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Clinical trials

Researchers are trialling new ways to diagnose and treat different types of cancer. Your child may be invited to be part of a clinical trial...

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More information

For more information about Hodgkin disease, see:

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published: Sunday, 23 August, 2015